At 24, he published his first novel, Mémoires d’un Jeune Homme Dérangé. His stint in advertising resulted in his best-selling novel, 99 Francs. He was the executive director of Lui, a French adult entertainment magazine, and continued writing novels, essays and short stories. In 1994, he founded the Prix de Flore, which rewards young authors writing in French. He also co-founded the Prix Sade. He was awarded the Prix Interallié for Windows on the World, which also won the Independent Foreign Fiction Prize (best foreign novel translated into English). In 2009, he received the Prix Renaudot for Un Roman Français.